In spite of the influence of other great cultures of the world such as Indian, Chinese, Khmer as well as Burmese, being incorporated in its decorative elements, the architectural style of Thai homes remains relatively simple. Its primary characteristics are determined by local climatic conditions, the availability of building materials, and the needs of the people, the majority of whom pursued an agricultural based lifestyle.

Wood was readily available so it was the most common material used in the construction of these houses. For the more affluent, the use of hard and durable teakwood from the forests of the north was prevalent.